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A soft, silver-white metal that belongs to the alkali metal group of chemical elements. Because of its high reactivity, lithium never occurs in its elemental form in nature, and instead, only appears in compounds. Lithium occurs in a number of pegmatitic minerals, but is also commonly obtained from brines and clays. On a commercial scale, lithium is isolated electrolytically from a mixture of lithium chloride and potassium chloride. Main application fields of lithium are ceramics and glass, lithium-ion batteries and lubricating greases.


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